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Ogilby Map

John Ogilby's map, 1671 Noua Terrae-Mariae Tabula MSA SC 2111-1-2

Citation: Maryland State Archives Special Collections (William T. Snyder Map Collection) John Ogilby, 1671 Noua Terrae-Mariae Tabula MSA SC 2111-1-2

John Ogilby's map of Maryland was published as part of his America: Being the Latest, and Most Accurate Description of the New World (London, 1671). The orientation of the map showing North to the right reflects the purpose of the chart design. It is a Portolan, or port-finding chart, used by ship captains approaching the entrance of the Chesapeake Bay from the sea. The cartographer probably copied this map from Captain John Smith's influential map of 1608.

Ogilby's map is noteworthy for being the first to describe the names of the counties of Maryland. In fact, Ogilby must have been privy to information from Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, the Proprietor of Maryland, because Cecil County (Caecill on the map) officially was not created until 1674.

The map also features the Calvert coat of arms. The quartered Calvert and Crossland arms continue to be used today as the basis of the Maryland state flag, the only state flag in the United States based on a heraldic design.

View a more detailed version of the map here. (469 KB)

The Maryland State Archives houses one of the most extensive collections of maps relating to Maryland and the Chesapeake Bay region. Color reproductions of the 1671 Ogilby map are available as an 18 x 21 poster (MSA Publication #289) and a boxed set of 10 notecards and envelopes (MSA Publication #420). The price is $10.00 for either the poster or the notecards.

This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.

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